Archive du mois : mars 2018

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A European Muhammad? Between history and memory, polemics and praise

English historian Edward Gibbon devoted a long chapter of his monumental History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (6 vols., 1776-89) to the rise of Islam, and in particular to the career of the prophet Muhammad. Gibbon presents him as a charismatic leader, wise ruler, loved and respected by his followers. Above all, Muhammad brought his people...